Philippians 4 – what we can learn from Euodia and Syntyche

This is based on a Sunday talk given at Glenwood Church in Cardiff in June 2015. (Listen to it here.)

Chapter 4 of the Letter to the Philippians opens with the Apostle Paul addressing a situation in the church in Philippi.

 “Therefore, my brothers and sisters, you whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, stand firm in the Lord in this way, dear friends!

I plead with Euodia and I plead with Syntyche to be of the same mind in the Lord. Yes, and I ask you, my true companion, help these women since they have contended at my side in the cause of the gospel, along with Clement and the rest of my co-workers, whose names are in the book of life.”

Euodia and Syntyche are mentioned once in the New Testament. This is it. (more…)

Christian doctrine pre-dating the establishment of the Canon of Scripture

Question 212, from Phil, United Kingdom

I’ve noticed that the main Christian creeds and so on were established before the canon of Scripture – how much of Christian theology pre-dates the Bible? Is that a problem as we often say theology should be based on the Bible.

The pivotal creeds of the Christian faith include the Nicene Creed established at the Council of Nicea in 325CE and then ratified at the Council of Constantinople in 381CE. These two doctrinal statements produced by these Councils are key to the doctrines of the divinity of Jesus Christ (Nicea) and the divinity of the Holy Spirit (Constantinople). They are foundational to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, even to the point of using terms and language that are still the way the Trinity is described.

However, as Phil has pointed out, they precede the formal establishment of the Canon of Scripture, which distinguishes between (more…)